History of Grand Gedeh County, One of the few Leeward Counties created in 1960s
Grand Gedeh is located in the southeastern portion of Liberia. It is the third largest County and the ninth most populated county in Liberia. The county is bordered by Nimba County to North and Northwest, Sinoe County to the Southwest, and River Gee County to the South. In the northern portion of the county lies the Cavala River bounding Grand Gedeh and the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire. Created in 1964, the county is one of the few leeward counties created in the 1960s. It was formerly known as the Eastern Province under the1847 Constitution of Liberia; Its Capital, Zwedru, was also known as Tchien.
Grand Gedeh is divided into two statutory districts, eight administrative districts, sixteen chiefdoms, thirty-two clans, three cities and 236 towns. The county is highly populated with the krahn people along with a large Muslim and Ivorian populations. Other ethnic groups including Dan/Gio, Mano, Kpelle, etc. also reside in Grand Gedeh..The county composes of lower tropical forest that receives high rainfall ranging from 3,000mm to 4,100 mm per year in two distinct seasons, making it high risk for flash flood.
Grand Gedeh is noted for its rich iron ore reserves, goal and vast forest, which is represent in the County’s flag. The soil, like majority of Liberia’s soil, is rich and capable of producing variety of foods including rice, yam, cocoa, plantains, potatoes, vegetables, rubber, coffee and sugarcane. The streams and rivers found in the county are filled with various sea food, including many species of fish.
In terms of development for Liberia, Grand Gedeh should not be neglected. The county has much to offer to the country’s economic. It is blessed with many natural resources, especially the large virgin forest that has not been touch by logging companies, iron ore reserves, gold and many others that have not been exploited; all which give Grand Gedeh a large attraction for development.