History of Grand Kru County, Liberia's Least Populated County
Located in the southeastern portion of Liberia is Grand Kru County, Liberia least populated county (2008 Census). It borders River Gee County to the northeast, Sinoe County to the northwest, and Maryland County to the southeast. Also to the southern portion of Grand Kru is the Atlantic Ocean.
Grand Kru was established in 1984/1985 by merging two territories, Sasstown (previously part of Sinoe County) and Kru Coast (previously part of Maryland County). Its Capital, Barclayville, was created by the administration of President Edwin Barclay. The county is divided into four districts, Buah District, one of the oldest districts in Liberia, Lower Kru Coast District, Sasstown District, and Upper Kru Coast District. Grand Kru is highly populated with the Kru tribe. Also found around the county are the Grebo and other tribes from neighboring counties.
Residents of Grand Kru have a subsistence farming economy because of the county’s extensive rainforest which has a wide variety of wildlife including wild pigs, bongo, dik-dik, pangolin, civet, pygmy hippo, African buffalo and monkey. Snakes and small populations of forest elephants and leopards are also found in the forest. Unfortunately, due to the daily hunting of the wildlife, their populations are decreasing. The county is also blessed with many natural resources, including gold, iron ore, etc. The most important crops in the county are upland rice, cassava, palm nuts, and along the coast, fishing.
The location of Grand Kru is sometimes seen as negative because it is located in the extreme south. However, what many do not realize is that the location of Grand Kru makes it the perfect location for vacations, retirement homes, etc. The eastern part of the county is straddles by the Atlantic, while the western part consist a lush rainforest that has some of Liberia’s finest mammals, giving the county beautiful sceneries. The small populations of the county also give visitors peace of minds that cannot be experience in other populated counties.